You probably might have noticed, the citadel team provides debian/ubuntu binary packages.
Anyway, Easy Install requires a working build environment. This is installed by default on nearly all modern Linux distributions. The notable exception to this is Ubuntu, which does not ship with a working build environment. To install a build environment use the following commands (as root):
apt-get update apt-get install build-essential curl g++ gettext shared-mime-info libssl-dev
Then run Easy Install the normal way:
curl http://easyinstall.citadel.org/install | bash